I slept in a little this morning but I guess that’s the luxury of being retired. It’s quiet, I have my first cup of dark roast in hand, and God is already talking to me. The word “doubt” comes to mind for some odd reason.

Doubt is one of those words that Christians are uncomfortable with. As one Christian says, “In believers, it is usually a weakness of faith, a wavering in the face of God’s promises (note 1).” Jesus was constantly getting after his disciples for doubting:

“Immediately Jesus reached out his hand and caught him. You of little faith, he said, why did you doubt?” (Matthew 14:31).

But, we all doubt – don’t we? If I told you that your spouse was cheating on you, wouldn’t you have some doubt and require some kind of proof before you believed me? I certainly hope you would. In our litigious society people are accused of many things every day. We may or may not believe the alleged accusations until there’s sufficient proof. We have a system that requires proof. We must eliminate all doubt!

No one is immune to doubt at one time or another. In an article written by Jesse Carey in Relevant Magazine, he writes about “7 Prominent Thinkers Who Wrestled With Doubt” including Mother Teresa, Martin Luther, C.S. Lewis, and Pope Francis (note 2). You can read the article here.

Our third President and author of the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson, was a doubter. I get a kick out of those who believe America to be a Christian Nation and cite a quote or two from Thomas Jefferson. I’ll have to admit, he was a Christian – my kind of Christian anyway! Jefferson said, “I am a real Christian, that is to say, a disciple of the doctrines of Jesus (note 3).” He went on to edit the Bible to his standards, cutting and pasting to create his own Bible, and wrote to a friend:

“I find many passages of fine imagination, correct morality, and of the most lovely benevolence; and others again of so much ignorance, so much absurdity, so much untruth, charlatanism, and imposture, as to pronounce it impossible that such contradictions should have proceeded from the same being.” See a pdf copy of Jefferson’s Bible here.

I may be like Jefferson in his thinking but I’m more like one of the twelve apostles who doubted. He even earned the nickname “Doubting Thomas.” He had followed Jesus through his ministry and was an eyewitness to all of the miracles that Jesus performed. He was there when they fed 5,000 men (more than that if you include the women and children) from scraps of bread and a couple of fish (Matthew 14:13-21). Yet, after Jesus died, he said:

“Unless I see the mark of the nails in his hands, and put my finger in the mark of the nails and my hand in his side, I will not believe (John 20:25).”

And Jesus gave Thomas the proof he needed. He allowed him to feel the hole marks in his hands and where the soldier speared him in the side of his chest. Thomas believed.

Being the agnostic that I am, that’s where I stand. I’m leaving room for belief, but there’s gotta be some proof to make me a believer. As Leslie Hazleton says in her newest book, Agnostic: A Spirited Manifesto (note 4), “Belief insists while faith hopes and trusts.” She goes on to say, “You need belief only when you are not sure. Belief is the product not of knowledge, but of uncertainty. It contains within itself the possibility of disbelief.”

I’ll end my thoughts by saying that I doubt like the apostle, Thomas. He was given immediate proof. I am still waiting. But right now, I have little doubt that a second cup of dark roast awaits me. Peace!


1. Altrogge, M. (2017). Doubt Definition and Meaning – Bible Dictionary. Bible Study Tools. Retrieved 11 July 2017, from

2. 7 Prominent Christian Thinkers Who Wrestled With Doubt. (2014). RELEVANT Magazine. Retrieved 11 July 2017, from

3. The Bible According to Thomas Jefferson – (2012). Retrieved 11 July 2017, from

4. Hazleton, L. (2017). Agnostic: a spirited manifesto. New York: Riverhead Books.

Why I Chose a Plant-Based Lifestyle

There are numerous diets on the market today and I want to tell you why my wife and I chose a plant-based lifestyle. The Keto Diet is a very popular one right now. But, through our ten plus years of studying and trying various diets and reading numerous studies and watching countless videos, we finally decided that only one really works for us. And that’s the Whole-Food, Plant-Based diet which is now our lifestyle. When I talk about plant-based, I’ve shortened it from using “whole-food, plant-based” all the time.

Heart Disease Is the Number One Killer in the United States

Heart disease is the number one killer in the United States (almost 650,000 deaths) for both men and women. Forty-five percent of all reported deaths that occurred in America in 2017 were either from heart disease or cancer. Obesity is a major contributing factor to heart disease, cancer, strokes, and more.

What’s Your Favorite Type 2 Diabetes Commercial

Diabetes in America is at an all-time high. The number of people living with diabetes has more than tripled during 1990 and 2010, and the number of new cases doubles every year. The link between type 2 diabetes and obesity is well known. As the rate of obesity climbs in America, so too has the rate of type 2 diabetes. 

As the rate of type 2 diabetes soar, the lining of the pockets of Big Pharma skyrocket. Just take a look at the ads on television for Jardiance, Lyrica, Farxiga, Victoza, Trulicity, Invokana, Toujeo, and Tresiba just to name a few. What these ads tell me is that if you take their pill, you can continue on your path of unhealthful eating. They aren’t in the business of fixing the initial cause of type 2 diabetes. They are in the business of selling you their medication.

The Standard American Diet (SAD) Is Making Us Sick

What are your favorite foods today? Donuts in the morning or maybe three or four times a week I would have a couple of fried eggs with bacon and hashbrowns. Lunch would be a quick stop at McD’s for a hamburger and fries. Supper would consist of fried chicken, hot dogs, or maybe a steak. This would be considered a Standard American Diet.

When my wife and I got married over ten years ago we were both overweight and unhealthy. We decided to lose some weight and get healthy. With so many different diets on the market and so many different health reports about nutrition, we tried practically everything. There are so many conflicting reports about what to eat and what to avoid and the best way to lose weight. We were confused as hell! It’s even worse today. What is the truth about health and nutrition?

There is significant evidence to show that a whole-food, plant-based dietary lifestyle may prevent and reverse some types of diseases from our Standard American Diet. Studies show that heart disease can be significantly reduced. And if you already have heart disease, it can be reversed in most people. Studies also show that most people with type 2 diabetes are able to get completely off of medication.

What Are Plant-Based Foods?

When I talk about plant-based foods I am talking about “whole-food, plant-based” (WFPB) foods? WFPB foods are unrefined and minimally processed foods like whole grains, vegetables, nuts, legumes, fruit, and seeds. Some people choose to go all out and only eat plant-based foods, like me and my wife. Some choose to eat plant-based foods supplemented by animal products on occasion. 

How Do I Start a Plant-Based Diet?

The key is not to go cold turkey. Start out by being mindful of what you are eating. Our first thing was to eliminate sodas – highly processed, sugar water. I lost 10 pounds within a couple of weeks just doing that. Then we started adding as many plant-based products as possible and reducing dairy, meat, eggs, and processed foods. It took my wife and me a couple of years of eliminating certain things to get where we are today – 100% plant-based. That’s not to say that we indulge sometimes. When we travel we try hard to stay plant-based but sometimes you just have to try a cultural dish. My wife says, “When in Rome…!”

My Three Values In Choosing a Plant-Based Lifestyle

I am mindful of three values when I choose to eat or drink something. First, is it healthful and nourishing for my body? This took a lot of education for me. I did spend a little bit of money taking a Forks Over Knives Cooking Course and a Plant-Based Professional Certification Course after that. There are tons of information and classes online and a lot of them are free. I spend most of my time in the produce section at the grocery store. Most meat and dairy are pumped full of toxins, hormones, antibiotics, and more.

The second thing that I look at is the food that I’m eating comes from a source that isn’t violating our resources. Cows take up a lot of land, use up a lot of water, create lots of waste, and pollute our air and land. Chickens are raised in horrible conditions.

And third, is I have compassion for all animals, not just my pets. Taking a calf away from its mother at birth just so that we can have milk isn’t what I would consider compassionate. The female calves are immediately grown to be impregnated to produce milk and the male calves are sold to companies that are raised to be used for veal.

“The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated.” – Gandhi

I Am Always the Skeptic Nutrition Enthusiast

To sum it all up, I am always skeptical when new studies in nutrition come out. I research them the best way that I know how. In my ten plus years of reading and studying nutrition, I have chosen to live the plant-based lifestyle and I am enthusiastic about it. I can get all the nutrients that my body requires through plant-based eating without meat, eggs, dairy, and processed foods. I will continue on this path until something comes along to change my mind. I started this blog/website to share my findings and I’d like for you to join me on my journey.

Did Jesus Die For Our Unpardonable Sins?

My favorite coffee is a dark roast and I spend a lot of my writing at Starbucks. When I’m at home I use a Starbucks dark roast and the drip method, making one cup at a time. It’s slow but worth it. Coffee is extremely good this morning! How do you have yours? Mine’s black!

My First Thoughts This Morning

A thought crossed my mind while sipping on my first cup. I always thought that all of our sins were forgiven because of Jesus’ death on the cross. But, what about the one sin, the unpardonable one, that Jesus says is so heinous that God will automatically give you a one-way ticket to hell? Any guesses as to what that sin might be? 

God’s Unpardonable Sin

Adulterers and serial killers are on God’s Top Ten No-No list but those sins are forgiven by the cross. Thieves, rapists, and pedophiles are exonerated. The Unpardonable Sin is found in three of the four Gospels,  Luke 12:10, Mark 3:29, and Matthew 12:31-32 and basically says that if you blaspheme against the Holy Spirit, you will not be forgiven. And Matthew adds, “neither in this world, neither in the world to come.”

What is Blasphemy?

Wow! So, what is blasphemy you might ask? According to Merriam-Webster, “to speak in a way that shows irreverence for God or something sacred.” If you keep up with the news, you’ll see that if you make fun of a religion, like offensive cartoons, wearing clothing that offends a religion, or insulting someone’s religion, that’s considered blasphemy and in some countries, will get you a ticket to prison.

Our Planet Still Subscribes to Blasphemy!

You may believe that blasphemy laws are ancient and just part of history. But several countries today have laws against blasphemy. According to a 2014 report by the Pew Research Center, about 26 percent of the countries around the world legally criminalize blasphemy. Egypt sentenced a woman in January 2016 to three years in prison for blasphemy. Three men in Burma wanted to advertise their new bar by displaying an ad with Buddha wearing headphones. They were convicted of blasphemy and sentenced to two and a half years in prison. Even though Buddhism has no God to blaspheme, they were convicted anyway.

Our Constitution versus Blasphemy Laws

There are still a few states in the United States that have laws against blasphemy. I question why these laws are still on the books because freedom of speech is guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution. What are your thoughts?

I Have Blasphemed For Sure!

As a Christian, I’m pretty sure that I blasphemed God when my three-year-old son suffered and died. My ticket to that eternal fiery pit is in my back pocket and my name has been erased from God’s book I’m sure. Jesus died on the cross for sure for the forgiveness of pardonable sins. Some Christian Apologists say that Jesus died for ALL of our sins including the “unpardonable” sin. There’s a lot of speculation and many theories. How does man know for sure what God thinks? Do you know for sure?  Really? How’s your Greek?

Oh well. If you want to be safe with God, don’t criticize or question anyone’s religion. I’m only sure about two things at this moment. My coffee is just fantastic this morning and I will certainly die one day! Memento mori! (Google it!)

Reasoning With God

I got to Starbucks early this morning and immediately thought about Moses and the Ten Commandments because of a meme I responded to yesterday.

I was just thinking, wouldn’t it be cool when God said, “You shall worship no other gods…” if you could ask him for a reason other than, “Or else I’ll destroy you!”? Here’s a dialogue that I made up between Moses and God prior to the carving of the stone tablets. Warning! This dialogue is not in the Bible. I just made it up.

God: “You shall have no other gods before me.”

Moses: “Excuse me, God. I hate to interrupt but I have a question.”

God: “Oh, what is it, Moses?”

Moses: “I was just wondering about your first commandment about not having any other gods before us? What is the reasoning behind that?”

God: “Good question, sir! You see, I’ve had to deal with these other gods and they’re a real bunch of assholes. They’ll lead you to the slums of Egypt and laugh at you when you get there. That really pisses me off!”

Moses: “So, why do you say that you’ll send us to hell or destroy us if we don’t adhere to your commands?”

God: “Well, Moses, it’s like this. I have a lot of experience with humans and I’ve learned that I have to treat you guys like a drill sergeant would. I’ll give the commands and you follow! I’m indoctrinating everyone so that they won’t stray off the path and won’t have to think about what they’re doing. Just do it, as they say!”

Moses: “Okay! I get it now! Thanks, God, for straightening me out!”

God: “And by the way, there’s no better motivation than telling someone that I will destroy them if they don’t adhere to my commands.”

Moses: “Oh!”

When it came to reasoning with God, Moses did a good job of convincing God not to kill all of his people after the golden calf scene – only 3,000 of them. After all, 3,000 lives for being the first ones to break the very first commandment by God is not a bad deal. Is it? Time for another dark roast!

Narrow Gate

I’m at Starbucks this morning with a great cup of the bold blend. Ahhh! Got me to thinking about what life is like after death – or what Christians call Eternal Life.

When Jesus started his ministry, he took his chosen twelve and a bunch of other people up on the side of a mountain and gave what we call the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5:5 NRSV). “If we were to summarize the Sermon on the Mount in a single sentence, it would be something like this: How to live a life that is dedicated to and pleasing to God…” (note 1). Jesus talked about adultery, divorce, loving your enemies, and praying for those who persecute you (Matthew 4-7). Then he states the Golden Rule (Matthew 7:12), “In everything do to others as you would have them do to you; for this is the law and the prophets.”

As a Christian, I took this lesson very seriously. These were clear instructions that we should be following every day – if we are to be a Jesus follower. To me, these instructions were very frightening because I was almost certain that I could not meet all the criteria from his great sermon. But what really scares me is the Narrow Gate passage (Matthew 7:13-14):

“Enter through the narrow gate; for the gate is wide and the road is easy that leads to destruction, and there are many who take it. For the gate is narrow and the road is hard that leads to life, and there are few who find it.”

Holy crap! Can you see what Jesus is saying? To paraphrase, he’s basically saying that most of us will enter through the wide gates leading to hell (to destruction) and very few of us will get to walk through the narrow gates leading to heaven (that leads to life). That’s a lot for me to digest. Let’s see…

I looked at the statistics (note 2) – only one-third of the world’s population practice Christianity, which means two-thirds or 66% of the world are going through the gates that lead to destruction automatically. And Jesus told the crowd on that mountainside that only a few of those that heard his words will enter the “narrow gate.” That makes me think again. The statistics also say that there are over 43,000 different denominations in the world. I’m almost certain that each denomination might have a slightly different formula for being saved (salvation). I’m hoping that I am lucky enough to have chosen the correct denomination.

And then I got to thinking – what if I was absolutely sure of my salvation? I have that ticket to paradise in my back pocket. Now what? What is heaven like? The Bible is not clear as to what I could expect. Is it all-inclusive? Is there free tv and the internet? Would I have a roommate? Vegan food? Eternal is a long time! It’s forever plus one! What would I do for the first 1,000 years? The next million years? If I didn’t like it, could I change my mind? What if God changed his mind like he did with Noah?

A lot to think about. Time for a second cup. I wonder if Mahatma Gandhi or Buddha drink coffee. Have a wonderful day!

Notes: ============================================================

1. What is the Sermon on the Mount?. (2017). Retrieved 8 July 2017, from

2. (2017). Retrieved 8 July 2017, from

3. Bible Gateway passage: Matthew 7 – New Revised Standard Version. (2017). Bible Gateway. Retrieved 8 July 2017, from

No Master Copy

Coffee! Coffee! The sun has finally risen. After my first cup of dark roast I got to thinking about the master copy of the Bible. Wouldn’t it be great if the original manuscript of the Bible existed? Wait! You didn’t realize that the original, the master copy of the Christian Bible does not exist? It has disintegrated! Poof! I am not making this stuff up!

Over the many, many years that I attended church, none of my pastors ever told me that the original Bible is nowhere to be found. You gotta ask, though! If God can give man error-free instructions on how to live, why would he not provide the materials on which to write that would last forever and ever? Sorry. That was just a passing thought that zipped right through my brain.

So, no original copy of the Bible. But, luckily, man has managed to make copies of copies of copies of copies of this Great Book over the centuries. When the printing press came along centuries later, copying got a lot easier. Up until then, man had to do everything by hand. The original apostles were illiterate so they weren’t able to dictate what Jesus had to say so they went about telling stories. These stories were passed on orally for decades until, poof, some Greek-speaking-writing guy comes along and decides to write them down. Four of them to be exact.

I don’t know about you but that makes me think again. These stories of Jesus, or what we know as the Gospels, were passed on orally for decades. Do you think that these stories might have changed just a bit, maybe exaggerated a little here and there? Oh, come on! There’s proof that the stories must have changed because this guy, Luke, wrote at the beginning of his Gospel that there were many writers out there that were telling their stories and that he wanted to write his own version. Maybe Luke thought that these other guys really weren’t inspired by God. So, if Luke’s is the correct story, then what about the other three guys?

As it turns out, the other three guys (Matthew, Mark, and John) didn’t get it right, either. Well, not if you compare them to Luke’s version. For instance, Mark and John didn’t write about Jesus’ incredible birth from a virgin. Did they not think that was important or did they not hear about it? John thought that Jesus had been around since the beginning. Luke talks about how Shepherds came to visit at Jesus’ birth and Matthew thought they were Wise Men from the East. Matthew also has this strange story about King Herod massacring a bunch of infants sometime after Jesus was born.

Oh well! It doesn’t matter to me whether or not there are any original manuscripts around or not. I’m not sure that not too many of us pay much attention to actually reading the Bible. Who knows which version of the Bible is correct. We don’t have the master copy to compare them to. But, we do things like cherry-pick certain verses that we think meet our needs. We combine the two birth stories of Jesus to make one story without thinking that these two writers heard two entirely different ones. We wouldn’t have any idea where to find doctrines of Christianity – like the Trinity, or Salvation, or the Sacraments. We condemn gay people but not sure where in scripture it says to do it. We certainly don’t greet each other with a “holy kiss” as prescribed by the Bible, either.

It’s time for another cup. Have a great day!

Forbidden Fruit

Enjoying my first cup of coffee on a beautiful Saturday morning. I got to thinking… did Adam and Eve have coffee in the Garden of Eden?

There are two creation accounts in the first book of the Bible, Genesis. Chapter one of Genesis describes the first creation story and isn’t at all about Adam and Eve. Instead, God creates man and woman. He did not give these two creatures a name at this time.  If you read the entire first chapter you’ll also notice that God creates everything else before creating man and woman.

In chapter two of Genesis, God creates man (Adam) first and then decides that it wasn’t good for him to be alone. He then puts Adam into a deep sleep, pulls out one of his ribs, and creates Eve. It was much simpler in chapter one because God had created man and woman at the same time.

To continue with the chapter two story, God told Adam that there are many trees in the garden and has allowed him to eat from any tree except for one – the tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. I find it odd that God would create a tree that couldn’t be eaten from, but that’s how the story goes. I also thought it odd that God would pre-program Adam and Eve with language and the knowledge to understand language but decided to embed the knowledge of good and evil into a piece of fruit. But, that’s just me!

Along comes the serpent and slithers up to Eve. The serpent tells Eve not to worry about that fruit in the tree of knowledge of good and evil. Go ahead and eat it! Since Eve had no knowledge of good or of evil, she didn’t know that the serpent might be trying to trick her. How could she know that the serpent is good or evil? She doesn’t have the ability to make a value judgement because God chose not to program her that way. Eve tells Adam not to worry about eating that special fruit because the serpent said it was okay to do so. And they both ate from the forbidden tree.

And you know the rest of the story. God punishes both Adam and Eve (oh, and the serpent!) because they didn’t follow God’s command. But think about that! Adam and Eve were behaving the way that God had created and programmed them to behave. Doesn’t an omniscient being know what the outcome is going to be? Yet he punishes them anyway for behaving in a way that they were programmed to behave. I guess you can’t apply logic to this story. It’s another one of those mysterious things that God does.

My knowledge of coffee is good – sometimes evil. Come join me!

Good Friday

Good Friday is the last day of Jesus’ life. This past week Jesus’ closest followers became liars, cowards, deserters. These hand-selected men deny and abandon their Messiah.  Each author tells the “Passion” story in their own way. Each one gives their perspective of the death and resurrection events. Each writer has their own unique theology, creating a style that suits their audience. If you read each gospel as an individual book, you’ll see those differences. We Christians tend to take parts of each gospel, as we do in the birth stories, and combine them to create a new gospel. Mark doesn’t agree with Luke in many ways. John seems to have his own message – nothing like the Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark and Luke). Here’s an example of how Mark and Luke’s story differ:


In Mark’s gospel, Jesus is betrayed by Judas and denied three times by Peter. Pontius Pilate sentences Jesus to death. The Roman soldiers mock and beat Him on the way to His crucifixion. On the way, Jesus says nothing. The soldiers dress Him in a purple robe (scarlet robe in Matthew) and a crown of thorns. The other apostles scamper off like scared rats in a sewer. Jesus follows Simon of Cyrene, who is carrying His cross. The soldiers are laughing and mocking Him. People on the way mock him, some are crying. Jesus still says nothing. The soldiers placed Jesus on the cross next to two robbers. Both robbers mock Jesus. People passing by look up and mock Him. The Jewish leaders mock Him. Finally, Jesus ends His silence and cries out, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” Then he dies. Jesus had felt forsaken by God. He was in great despair. Why had His followers betrayed and rejected Him? This is how Mark portrays Jesus.

In Luke’s gospel, Jesus is betrayed by Judas and denied by Peter just as in Mark’s gospel. Pontius Pilate sentences Jesus to death. However, it is not Pilate’s soldiers that mock and beat Jesus – it’s King Herod’s (a minor difference in stories). There’s no purple robe and no crown of thorns. Simon of Cyrene carries the cross. Jesus, however, is not silent on the way to His crucifixion. “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me… (v.23:28),” he says to a group of women crying for Him. Jesus does not appear to be in despair and knows exactly what is going to happen to Him. He appears to be confident and knows what’s ahead. Jesus speaks again while being nailed to the cross. He prays, “Father, forgive them, for they don’t know what they are doing” (v. 23:34). Jesus is more concerned about those around Him than Himself. Only one of the robbers on the cross next to Him mocks Him. The other robber rebukes him and asks Jesus to remember him when He gets into His kingdom. Jesus says to the robber, “Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in Paradise” (v. 23:42-43). Then Jesus prays to God, “Father, into your hands I command my spirit” (v. 23:46). He does not feel forsaken, but is confident of what is happening to Him.

Mark’s Jesus is in despair, not knowing what is to come. He says nothing on His way to His crucifixion. He feels forsaken by His followers and by God. Luke’s Jesus is not in despair. He is confident and knows exactly what is ahead of Him. He is concerned for others more than Himself. He speaks to others on His way to the cross. He is prepared to enter His Father’s kingdom.

We can’t say which writer gave the most accurate account of Jesus’ death. We have no way of knowing for sure. The gospels were written decades after Jesus’ death. The stories were passed on as an oral tradition until these educated Greek men wrote them down. The authors were not eye-witnesses to Jesus’ death. We risk calling some of the authors liars if we believe in one account over another. And if you think that combining the events of each account to make your own story is alright to do, then feel free to continue the Christian tradition.

For this Holy Week, I challenge you to read each “Passion” account in each one of the gospels (Matthew chapters 21-27; Mark chapters 11-15; Luke chapters 19-23; and John chapters 12-19). Take detailed notes on each account. Compare your notes. Learn what each author has to say. Become a Bible Reader. I dare you.

Palm Sunday

Palm Sunday gets its name from the palm branches thrown on the road ahead of Jesus’ trek into Jerusalem – sometimes called Jesus’ Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem. The passages are found in all four of the Gospels: Matthew 21:1–11, Mark 11:1–11, Luke 19:28–44, and John 12:12–19.

In some of the old movies you’ll see Jesus’ riding on a donkey with his followers ahead of him laying down palm branches and their cloaks. Oddly though, the first three Gospels in the New Testament, Mark, Matthew, and Luke never mention “palm” branches but instead, “leafy” branches. The Gospel of John is the only one that mentions “palm” branches (John 12:13) but never says that they put the branches or even their cloaks on the road ahead of Jesus. John doesn’t say what the people did with the palm branches other than, “they took branches of palm trees and went out to meet him…” (NIV).

The Apostle John was one of the twelve chosen by Jesus so we should believe him, shouldn’t we? But were the other three wrong? Something else to think about – some Bible scholars say there is no firm evidence that palm trees ever grew near Jerusalem but only in the south in the warm, fertile valleys. Just a thought.


Let’s look at another difference that occurs in the four stories. Did Jesus ride one donkey or was he riding on two? I know that sounds like a crazy question but Matthew seems to believe that Jesus rode on two donkeys (Matthew 21:7), or a donkey and a colt. Christian apologists try to cover this up by saying that they brought a donkey with its colt and Jesus rode on the donkey and the colt walked along side them. But read the verse: “…they brought the donkey and the colt and put their cloaks on them, and he sat on them.” That, to me, is pretty clear that “them” indicates the donkey and its colt. Matthew was one of the twelve recruited by Jesus himself. Why would we not believe his inspired words? But wouldn’t that make the others wrong?

Another difference I observed in this very short reading of Palm Sunday is that in three of the stories Jesus sends two of his disciples ahead of him to get the donkey. In John’s Gospel (John 12:14), Jesus finds a donkey and sits on it himself without the help of any of his disciples. In the other Gospels, two disciples bring a donkey, or two, throws their cloaks on it (them) and then Jesus sits on it (them).

I’m not saying these are contradictions or errors of the Bible. I’m just pointing out that there are differences in the four stories and I often wonder why we choose certain parts of one or more stories to make our own. We tend to conflate, or combine, the various stories to fill in the blanks. I can see in some instances where it might sound better and make sense like Jesus riding on only one donkey. But, then again, sometimes the stories are more interesting with the oddities included.

So, what happens on Monday, the day after Palm Sunday? That just might be my next blog. Stay tuned and drink some coffee!